Present in Laconia, Greece, Monemvasia is fantastically sexy simply on account of its bizarre historical past and its maximum bizarre surroundings. It’s on a small island off the east coast of the Peloponnese, and the one approach the sexy Myrtoan Sea island can also be accessed is thru a brief causeway or bridge. Right here’s our record of the most efficient issues to do in Monemvasia.
Easiest Issues to do in Monemvasia – You’ll in finding the entire belongings you love in Monemvasia
It’s smartly price delving into the illustrious historical past of this maximum superb city. Something is certain, vacations in Monemvasia are going to be fantastically exciting and anything else however boring.
With its bars and taverns, you’ll be able to develop into an evening owl if you happen to like, and concentrate to track over a drink or two. Emvasis Cafe – Cocktail Bar has perfect perspectives from its balcony and it, at the side of all of the island, provides meals, wine, romance, and keenness – no matter you wish to have to seek out.
How one can Get to Monemvasia? – 4 hours from Athens – uncover the magic of Greece
From Athens, you’ll be able to succeed in Monemvasia via renting a automobile or via bus. The buses go away day by day from the station in Athens. You’ll put aside about 4 hours to get there. Whenever you’re there, you find that Monemvasia has no streets, simply gorgeously romantic cobblestone paths.
Those that love historical past will likely be blown away via the entire structures courting from the Venetian, Byzantine, or Ottoman eras. They’re painted in stunning earthy colours with red-tiled roofs. All of the city is located at the island’s southern aspect.
The ancient fort surroundings and luxurious sea perspectives make sure a romantic surroundings for the easiest getaway. You’ll have a fantastic time visiting the malls and taverns and getting to grasp one thing of the fort’s attention-grabbing historical past and mythology.
Inside the fort’s partitions, you’ll in finding the entirety you wish to have to toughen your keep – accommodations, retail outlets, bakeries, banks, cafés, memento retail outlets, and extra. It’s implausible to grasp that there are nonetheless some everlasting citizens within the fort.
There’s no riding of vehicles within the fort city
When heading to Monemvasia, take into accout: You’ll’t power round within the fort city, which means that it’s a must to employ the parking house equipped outdoor the primary gates. There are some parking spots lining the street in opposition to the fort gate, then again parking is restricted.
10 Easiest Excursions – Monemvasia, Greece
What sort of Monemvasia excursion and task fits you?
- Castles and historic mansions since the Monemvasia Fort is an absolute must-see.
- Cooking excursions with conventional Greek delicacies.
- Trekking, mountaineering, and nature-loving excursions.
- Tradition excursions – seeing the Historic Theatre of Epidaurus, the Corinth Canal, Mystras, the Church of Elkomenos Christos, and a lot more on Historic Greece excursions.
- Easiest seashore excursions and swimming at Portello
Something is unmistaken – Monemvasia is a in reality marvelous position for a holiday and gives the revel in you wish to have. We check out 10 highlights, even though there are others which can be additionally justifiably superb to revel in.
1. Kinsterna Lodge
Whilst you head to an impressive vacation spot reminiscent of Monemvasia, it’s a must to make sure to keep in a spot that makes essentially the most of all that this island fort provides. It’s exactly why the Kinsterna is this type of sought-after boutique lodge within the southeast Peloponnese peninsula.
The luxurious lodge, with a wide variety of rooms, is superbly adorned and has an exquisite environment. It’s set 7 kilometers outdoor Monemvasia, within the area of Lakonia, on a running olive and wine property.
There’s masses to do, but it surely’s necessarily all about consuming and easily chilling. On the lodge’s eating places, Government Chef Giorgos Hapsas, makes use of clean merchandise from the lodge’s personal vegetable lawn. What can also be extra romantic than sitting outdoor on pretty terraces with a pitcher of wine and taking in impressive sea perspectives and sunsets?
The 5-star lodge provides simple get admission to to the seashores, and when your muscle groups are sore from the entire actions, you’ll be able to have them soothed and pampered within the spa, opting for between the indoor and outside remedy rooms. Click on right here to test charges and availability.
2. Monemvasia Fort
You’ll by no means go away Monemvasia with out visiting Monemvasia Fort. This superbly preserved medieval fort has stood the take a look at of time and nonetheless has stunningly distinctive structure to boast with.
The fort is split into 3 sections: the lower- and upper-town spaces, in addition to the Acropolis, and is constructed on a tiny rock island hooked up to the mainland via a bridge.
It’s attention-grabbing while you imagine that the medieval fort city was once based long ago in 583 AD and that it’s been inhabited since that point. You’ll talk over with the luxurious appeal throughout the year, even though you could wish to keep away from July and August, as it’s stifling scorching and really crowded.
Experience some espresso on the pleasant Enetiko Cafe’ with its surprising balcony perspectives. Providing loose wifi and vibey track, the menu of scrumptious Greek delicacies comes extremely really useful. You’ll make a selection to take a seat indoors or outdoor—the ambience is all the time scintillating.
3. Stroll round Chrysafitissa Sq.
Chrysafitissa Sq. is a well-liked open house in Monemvasia, even though there may be every other sq. within the town too. It’s the Chrysafitissa Sq. that’s the higher of the 2 and it’s the center of the city, being the hub of the group for containing occasions.
This fascinating sq. has a church with the similar title and which has been devoted to the Virgin Mary. Chrysafitissa Sq. is price a look-see if you happen to’re in search of lodging in Monemvasia too as you’re going to in finding one of the crucial highest accommodations right here.
The sq. is positioned within the east a part of the city on the subject of the East Gate, providing pretty perspectives of the ocean and the city.
4. Experience a pleasing breakfast with the easiest view
Get your break day to a delish get started in Monemvasia. You need to revel in all issues scrumptious. Aside from an enormous number of delicious meals to bask in from the across the world famend chef, the entirety the bizarre Chrisovoulo cafe eating place touches, turns to magical, glowing sensations.
And so it’ll be together with your brekkie. Breakfast is served between 09.00 and 11.00 am and you’ll be able to take your select between candy and savory dishes when you permit mild sea breezes to drift over you.
Favourite elements are recent eggs and ripe tomatoes, olive olive oil and cheese – all made with worrying fingers and designed to fill you with hearty meals.
It is going to be love in the beginning chunk while you choose to revel in an exquisite breakfast with perfect perspectives on the pretty Chrisovoulo Eating place which carries with it a golden seal of excellence. The delicacies is in accordance with native Monemvasian and Greek custom. Consider that the preferred eating place is closed for the wintry weather and it opens once more to start with of April.
5. An afternoon on the seashore
In Monemvasia, you’ll be able to make a choice from quite a few stunning seashores. As a result of Monemvasia is constructed on rocks, there aren’t any seashores within the town, however there are some perfect seashores in its quick setting.
Many guests come to Monemvasia for a summer time seashore holiday, and so they aren’t disillusioned. The Monemvasia house provides all kinds of sandy and pebbly seashores, all with crystal transparent water. They’re highest for sunbathing, swimming, snorkeling and people-watching at the back of darkish sun shades.
Amusing within the solar begins at Vlychada, with its pebbly shore. You’ll make your seashore outings significantly a laugh at this pretty seashore. It’s highest for babies too, and also you’re assured a carefree day within the solar because it’s a quiet, secure seashore.
We’ve discussed this seashore simply on account of its sheer good looks. There are only a few amenities, so you wish to have to carry your personal seashore chairs and umbrellas, however then you definately’ve nearly were given the pretty seashore to your self.
It’s an exquisite paradise, and to make it extra interesting, there’s a small canteen or snack bar that opens in the summertime.
Pera Kakavos Seaside
This pretty seashore is located on the subject of the port and gives magnifient perspectives, to not point out the water being an inviting turquoise colour. It’s such an inviting position to swim and guests to the seashore love the facilities which can be to be had right through the day.
They may be able to revel in conventional foods and snacks on the seafront eating places and mini marketplace. There also are taverns and bars because the solar is going underneath. The seashore house provides some nice lodging choices, all on the subject of the port.
Pori seashore within the Peloponnese area is especially liked as a blue flag seashore. It’s a big seashore too, kind of 2 kilometers lengthy, so it’s supreme for volleyball and for seashore joggers and walkers.
The seashore draws someone in search of a at ease time lazing within the solar and cooling off within the sea. You’ll in finding loungers and thatched umbrellas, converting rooms, bathrooms, and a seashore eating place/bar with track. It’s a singular seashore in that it supplies impressive perspectives of each the fort and Previous Monemvasia.
Swimming on the Portello
Proper at the fringe of the bastion partitions of the fort is a terraced house referred to as the Portello. Portello method ‘tiny harbor’ and the waters listed below are crystal transparent and deep. Swimming underneath the watchful eye of the fort fort is bound to be an unforgettable revel in.
6. The Monemvasia Lighthouse
The pretty lighthouse of Monemvasia is outdoor the fort, with stone being crucial building subject matter. There was once a time when this lighthouse performed the most important function in protective the fort, with its focal top of 17 meters.
These days, the lighthouse is closed as a result of a brand new one has been put in, but it surely’s nonetheless a good looking, simple stroll to the previous lighthouse. It was once inbuilt 1896 and was once in the beginning operated with a dioptric oil lighting fixtures instrument with a pink gentle that beamed out around the seas for 8 nautical miles. Later, a white beacon was once used to flash a caution each and every 5 seconds.
To at the moment, the lighthouse nonetheless options its stone tower with a lantern. The lantern is romantically connected to the lighthouse keeper’s area. There’s a marble-carved spiral staircase that ends up in the lantern, the place the sunshine machines are.
These days, vacationers love visiting the lighthouse, conjuring up romantic ideas of a bygone historical past when the lighthouse was once such the most important a part of protective Monemvasia.
7. Hike to Higher The town
An excellent interest for someone on vacation who likes preserving are compatible is to hike, and Monemvasia provides some nice mountaineering routes. A hike to Higher The town does now not need to be an staying power take a look at for you or your kids, however somewhat a a laugh task.
Aside from the restored Twelfth-century church of Aghia Sophia on the very best a part of Higher The town, the remainder of the world is just about in ruins, however from the summit, the panoramic perspectives promise to be breathtaking.
You should definitely have comfy mountaineering sneakers because the stroll can also be slippery in portions. You get started your stroll throughout the Higher The town and will likely be in awe of the large, enforcing cliffs that stand at about 1,000 ft. The stroll to the highest can also be fairly tough for some, but it surely shouldn’t deter you. The superior perspectives from the highest will likely be price all of it.
Fabulous strolling excursions promise memorable occasions
However that’s now not all. Strolling excursions are an effective way to look a few of Athens’ best websites. A strolling excursion can give you some very memorable occasions with a neighborhood information.
Those excursions are a good chance for the first-time customer to Monemvasia because it supplies perception into the native historical past and tradition of where. Who is aware of, there can also be some tasting of native merchandise alongside the best way.
However there could also be a community of smartly signposted footpaths round Monemvasia, so the traveler who loves the outside is in for a ceremonial dinner of pleasant walks. Why now not take a look at the 1.9-kilometer lighthouse path close to Monemvasia, Peloponnese? It takes simply part an hour to finish. It’s a well-liked path, cherished for its tranquility and good looks, with perfect perspectives of the ocean.
8. Monemvasia archaeological assortment
Get ready your self for a captivating time visiting the museum of Byzantine sculpture and ceramics. The Archaeological Assortment homes an enchanting choice of historic artifacts and is positioned within the construction of a former mosque.
Many of us are enthralled via the human historical past of a spot The archaeological choice of the fort of Monemvasia is located in the primary sq. within the decrease city. The gathering apparently is composed of things utilized in day by day existence in addition to architectural sculptures from the ruined mid-Byzantine church buildings. You’ll in finding an enchanting choice of pieces courting from the Twelfth century.
Inside the house of the fort, the rest monuments reminiscent of church buildings, public structures, homes, forts, and so on. have drawn a large number of consideration from guests because it provides an concept of Monemvasia’s superb and illustrious previous.
The gathering comprises archaeological unearths that make clear human task from the early Christian duration to the Turkish career.
9. Buying groceries on Primary Side road
Isn’t it peculiar that incessantly the most efficient issues to do in Monemvasia are easy pleasures like spending the day at the seashore, consuming at comfy eating places, and buying groceries in old fashioned little retail outlets. The whole thing is in contrast to anything else you’ve observed again house.
Whilst you’re on holiday, you’re all the time in a vibrant and cheerful temper, and a few buying groceries is assured to boost your temper even additional. Buying groceries in Monemvasia is beautiful simple too, because it’s necessarily all completed at the primary boulevard.
You’ll discover a great collection of cafes and eating places, in addition to some touristy retail outlets the place you’ll be able to select up some souvenirs, clothes pieces, jewellery, and a few native natural merchandise. Those come with the likes of additional virgin olive oil, Kalamata olives, wines, other honeys, dairy merchandise, and fruit.
You’re going to no doubt want to set aside a couple of hours to discover Monemvasia’s fascinating buying groceries scene. Retail outlets that guests all the time love are the Malva Gallery for its interesting posters and silkscreens in addition to the glorious Edodimopolio Honey Store, the place you’ll be able to if truth be told pattern a few of Monemvasia’s noted honeys and olive oil plus numerous different sweets. For an arranged tasting we advise reserving Style the most efficient of Monemvasia
Decadent treats price sharing
Friends and family again house will likely be depending on you to carry again goodies, or amygdalota, which is why it’s a must to know concerning the confectionery workshop Charamis. It’s recognized for those dacadent goodies.
The island’s noted almond goodies are too impossible to resist to show down. In truth, while you walk down the primary boulevard, you gained’t be ready to withstand the pleasant aromas wafting out of the confectioners’ retail outlets.
10. Pass sea kayaking
Why now not discover the magic of gliding throughout glowing water whilst playing perspectives of Monemvasia from an absolutely other perspective? Don’t let your inexperience of kayaking deter your alternative as a result of you’re going to obtain a thorough briefing on kayaking tactics and protection ahead of surroundings off.
Sea kayaking in Monemvasia guarantees bizarre perspectives and the joys of paddling underneath cliffs, partitions and rocks on which this implausible citadel city was once constructed.
You’ll meet your information on the small port of Monemvasia. The information is aware of the entire highest spots at the sea to get essentially the most impressive perspectives. Proper at the fringe of the bastion partitions of the fort is a terraced house referred to as the Portello. Portello method ‘tiny harbor’ and the waters listed below are crystal transparent and deep.
Swimming underneath the watchful eye of the fort fort is bound to be an unforgettable revel in.
After diving and swimming, you land at a seashore for a pleasing picnic, sunbathing and snorkeling. This fabulous trip is completed off via paddling again to the beginning bay.
Easiest Day Journeys from Monemvasia
Reserving an afternoon excursion is the easiest strategy to getting to grasp a spot, and an afternoon travel round Monemvasia can disclose a number of hidden gemstones. It may be simple for a brand new customer to develop into crushed as to what to look, and an afternoon excursion is a smart concept as you might have the convenience of getting the entirety arranged for you.
On a guided excursion you’re going to get to look the entire main attractions with out stressing about anything else.
The cool factor about day excursions is that the excursion operator will fetch you out of your lodge, display you the entirety this splendidly preserved medieval city has to supply, after which nonetheless get you again in your lodge within the night.
One of the vital highlights on this type of day excursion will no doubt be a travel within the fort of Monemvasia, the archaelogical web site of the Higher The town, the traditional submerged town of Asopos in Plitra, the herbal sea lagoon of Gerakas, or one thing else.
The cool factor about those day excursions is that the itinerary can also be tailored to the traveler’s pursuits. Beneath you’re going to in finding a few of our suggestions for the most efficient day journeys from Monemvasia.
This small, close by island between the Peloponnese and Kythira.is solely 7 sq. miles in measurement. What higher solution to really feel restored than via having a look to the therapeutic homes of nature. You succeed in the island by way of a 15-minute ferry from Pounta after which get to spend time on superb golden sand seashores reminiscent of Simos and Sarakiniko.
The sheer great thing about the island assures you that Elafonissos is a gem in Greece’s tourism crown and it has quite a few fabulous puts to keep and much more welcoming puts to devour.
You’ll love the picturesque harbor and the walk alongside the prom. Elafonisos is a Natura 2000 secure house,so its packed filled with herbal good looks. For starters, Vardia is the best possible location at the island providing breathtaking perspectives. There could also be the underwater historic town on the subject of Pavlopetri to talk over with. Take a look at this part day excursion to Elafonissos from Monemvasia.
Talking of harbors, Gytheio is a harbor city within the Mani area at the southern aspect of Peloponnese. The beautiful city on the sea is is characterised via its pretty, blank seashores and the glorious fish-serving eating places.
Nature enthusiasts specifically love visiting the city as its Valtaki Seaside has the noted Dimitrios shipwreck. Extra importantly, this is a nesting position for sea turtles. Put aside a automobile adventure of an hour and a part to get there.
The pretty Geraki village is located 40km east of Sparti and on the foot of Mount Parnonas. A medieval, thirteenth century fort stands on a hill above the village.
The fort is packed filled with legends and traditions. The village itself has some fascinating and precious structure and an extended custom in weaving. You’ll in finding many preserved Byzantine church buildings within and within the close by medieval agreement.
The Cave of Kastania, sometimes called St. Andrew’s Cave, is unquestionably one in all Europe’s maximum bizarre caves and a must-see whilst visiting Monemvasia. The caves are discovered close to the village of Kastania at the southern tip of the Peloponnese.
It is a best vacationer vacation spot, overlaying a space of one,500 m2. The cave formations are a sight to behold, product of calcium carbonate within the form of crystals, growing numerous sparkly colours.
1000’s of years have formed those superb caves, and a excursion will disclose the most efficient. A spiral hall takes you all the way down to the First Chamber. There are many other chambers, one in all which is the Water Chamber. It is a huge room with a small pond, and it’s this pond that resulted in the invention of the cave.
There could also be the Chamber of Mushrooms, a large room with stalagmites formed like mushrooms. Different thrilling chambers come with the Chamber of Fir Bushes, the Chamber of Candles, and the Chocolate Chamber.
If you are feeling like consuming one thing, the most efficient vacationer points of interest in and round Monemvasia all the time include someplace great to devour. So why now not take a look at one of the crucial native treats served within the comfy café proper subsequent to the cave. Guided excursions each and every hour are to be had to revel in, making your travel to the caves much more attention-grabbing.
Global Heritage Websites are the ones which can be deemed to have exceptional herbal or cultural price and the Archaeological Website of Mystras is this sort of impressive websites. It’s discovered simply 5km from Sparta.
There are such a lot of superb stories available on an afternoon travel from Monemvasia and this surprise was once constructed as an amphitheatre in 1249 across the fort via the Franks. Quickly afterwards it was once conquered via the Byzantines who established it as a middle of industry and tradition of the south Balkans. Afterward Mystras fell into the fingers of the Venetians after which the Turks, it was once a desired vacation spot because of its strategic and financial significance. Town was once deserted in 1832, with simplest this pretty medieval damage to watch.
Numerous restorative paintings has been performed on the belongings. Mystras is split into the higher and decrease city, you’re going to want roughly 2 to two,5 hours to finish the excursion. It’s not appropriate for humans with mobility problems as the entire city is constructed on a hill. Dressed in comfy and durable sneakers is really useful. Take a look at this personal part day excursion to Mystras from Monemvasia.
You’ll say that Sparta’s superb previous draws many guests within the historical past and tradition of a spot. In any case, there are lots of preserved ruins and a Roman theater. It’s an exquisite town too, surrounded via mounts Taygetos and Parnon.
Whilst you do analysis on what to do in Sparta, you get the concept you wish to have to put aside a large number of time to talk over with town, as it’s packed filled with points of interest and leisure. A few its well-liked points of interest come with a talk over with to the Archaeological Museums of Sparta, the Museum of the Olive and Greek Olive Oil, and Mystras amongst many others.
There are such a lot of superb websites in Greece which can be worthy of coverage and which obtain nationwide and global reputation.
The fantastic Petrified Woodland is this sort of. The bizarre herbal phenomenon lies southeast of Naples, the one one in all its type in Europe. The traditional bushes and trunks date again hundreds of thousands of years. Historic sea creature fossils may also be discovered there.
In Korakas village you’ll in finding the woodland’s tallest tree trunk, with the nickname ‘Human’. There are fabulous strolling routes and data forums to talk over with this maximum impressive herbal monument.
Caves of Dirou
The Glyfada Collapse Diros is every other impressive herbal web site in Greece. Those that have visited the caves will let you know that they may be able to be thought to be one of the vital stunning sea caves on this planet.
Positioned at the west coast of the Laconian peninsula, the impressive caves have a wealthy historical past, going proper again to the Neolithic duration. The Caves of Dirou are made up of three caves – Alepotrypa, Vlychada, and Katafygi. The maximum superb factor concerning the caves is that the explored a part of the caves covers a space of round 33.000 sq. meters, however just a portion has been explored.
The cave opened to guests in 1967, with the vacationer excursion being 1,500 meters in duration. You’ll put aside about 25 mins to observe the round direction.
There could also be a space this is visited via boat, taking you via lit up caverns and tunnels with stalagmites and stalactites. The caves are ideal for an afternoon travel and there are retail outlets on the web site for refreshments and souvenirs.
Meals and wine excursions
Monemvasia is understood for its stunning vineyards and olive tree groves, and also you no doubt wish to revel in olive oil and wine tasting all over your time at the island.
On the Liotrivi Property, it may be captivating to hear attention-grabbing talks on how olive bushes are grown and the way olive oil is if truth be told produced. This actual excursion begins with a stroll throughout the olive groves of the property. Right here you’re going to find out about the best way olive oil is produced and concerning the other forms of olives.
You’ll have the ability to style other olives and other forms of olive oil. You’ll additionally have the ability to revel in a conventional Greek lunch served with wines which can be produced at the property. E book your olive oil revel in right here.
An out of this world winemaking historical past
The Monemvasia house additionally has an out of this world winemaking historical past courting again to Byzantine occasions. You’ll be assured an out of this world revel in getting to grasp the world-famous wines of Monemvasia.
You’re going to get to grasp the native types and their flavors with the wine tastings, which can come with a plate with pairing dishes.
Those guided excursions can also be blended with other stories relying on what you favor, however it’s all the time a marvelous trip that features a lunch with native merchandise.
The place to Keep in Monemvasia
If you wish to keep in Monemvasia, you might have the desire, and the island has the answer, providing guests essentially the most stress-free, inexpensive, high quality puts to stick. We check out a few of them –
With fabulous amenities reminiscent of spa and wellness heart, the stunning air conditioned Lazareto Lodge is superbly located simply 800 m from the medieval Monemvasia fort. Whenever you’re settled into the lodge, you’ll love the with ease fashionable rooms that forget the Mirtoan Sea.
The rooms appearance out in your convenience and comfort and every rooms comes supplied with a table, TV and minibar. A good looking deal with is all over the wintry weather, playing breakfast in a sublime room whole with fireside. Some other perk is having loose wifi in public spaces within the lodge. For availability and charges click on right here.
Guests to Monemvasia love that the stone constructed, air conditioned Likinia Lodge is positioned proper within the fort of Monemvasia, and but it provides perfect perspectives of the Aegean Sea. The lodge supplies its visitors with loose wifi and it additionally serves a scrumptious do-it-yourself breakfast.
Visitors love stress-free with conventional house comforts reminiscent of the cozy hand-crafted furnishings. The rooms can also be warmed with a hearth and there also are different welcoming gestures introduced reminiscent of a bottle of wine and comfortable beverages. To test availability and charges click on right here.
Theophano artwork lodge
Theophano Artwork Lodge is every other lodging selection you’ll be able to make if you like the theory of staying within Monemvasia Fort. It provides superb perspectives of the Myrtoan Sea from its rooftop terrace.
There are many small additions throughout the air conditioned lodge that draw in visitors and and the vintage furniture and artistic endeavors attraction to many visitors.
The lodge is definitely located to best points of interest reminiscent of Chrysafitissa Sq. in addition to the Portello, a gap within the partitions of the fort, permitting one to swim simply 20 m from the lodge.
Byzantino Boutique Lodge
Byzantino Boutique Lodge additionally guarantees its visitors revel in perfect sea perspectives. There’s so much to like about this fashionable Monemvasia Lodge. It boasts with options reminiscent of beamed ceilings and wood floors.
It’s air conditioned too, in your convenience and a few rooms include a hearth. Different pleasure come with recent native merchandise and loose wifi in public spaces. In your comfort, the fashionable lodge additionally provides laundry and ironing products and services. Click on right here for charges and availability.
A getaway this is true to its very good setting
It’s now not sudden that Monemvasia draws guests from Greece and far and wide the area. It’s a marvelous vacation spot for each and every season, and the individuals who talk over with Monemvasia know that they’re in one of the vital implausible areas on this planet.
The attraction of Monemvasia is playing the splendor of its nature, however there could also be all kinds of staggeringly other actions to revel in in a spot the place you’re ‘getting clear of all of it’